Computer Based Training | Code and Pixels Interactive Technologies

Computer Based Training (CBT)

Technical Literature (TL) and Training Aggregates (TA) are the most common words you find in RFQ/RFE/SOW if you are OEM or service provider to Defence or Defence labs.

These TAs and TLs are mandatory deliverables along with the system/subsystem.

Following are deliverables under each. Deliverables may change system to system based on end-user training requirements.

Technical Literature (TL) (Production Documents and User Documents)

Training Aggregates (TA)

  1. User Handbook / Operator Manual
  2. BOM
  3. QT/AT and QAP
  4. MQAP
  5. Technical Manual Part - 1
  6. Technical Description, Specification, functioning of various systems)
  7. Technical Manual Part – 2(Inspection / Maintenance Task repair procedures, the material used, fault diagnostics, and use of Special Maintenance Tools (SMTs) / Special Test Equipment’s (STEs)
  8. Technical Manual Part – 3 (Procedure for assembly/disassembly, repair up to component level, safety precaution)
  9. Technical Manual Part – 4 (Part list with drawing reference and list of SMTs/STEs test bench)
  10. An illustrative list of spares (ISPL) Manual
  11. Manufacturer Recommended List of Spares (MRLS)
  1. Computer-Based tutor
    • Operator
    • Maintainer
  2. Roll down charts
  3. Sun board/ blow-up charts
  4. Training brochure
  5. Slides
  6. Video Film
  7. TWM (Training work Module)
  8. IETM
    • (Level 3 or Level 4)
  • All above to be developed as per JSS 0251 standard and given as pdf file on DVDs
  • All above are also given in hardcopy with suitable bookbinding, project binding or screw binding or rexin binding based on end-users specifications, and the number of sets will also be indicated by End-user i.e. Army/Navy, Air force.

CBT, Video film, TWM, Slides, IETM, etc are delivered in DVD along with DVD case with proper packing.

Charts Blowups, sunboards are printed on the suitable media in 3 X4 feet sized print.

Some users may use bi-lingual in CBT

Duration of CBT is based on the complexity and number of sub systems etc.

We have done CBTs for 5 hours and also 50 Hours based on the system.


Specifications mentioned by DoD for Charts , Blowups and Training Brocurers






Computer based Training (CBT)


CBT Operator Module – English

On interactive multimedia to include :

  1. Full graphics, Animation test, sound & Video
  2. Symptoms-fault diagnostics (expert system) Storage media : DVD
  3. Login & password required
  4. one no. of each

3 Hours


CBT Maintenance  Module - English

3 Hour


CBT Operator Module -Hindi

3 Hours


CBT Maintenance  Module - Hindi

3 Hour


Training Aids



Size :4 x 3 feet
Printing on Non tearrable media with glossy lamination, Top &Bottom PVC Pipe with end cap and Nylon threads with water resistance Casing for storage.

14 sets
(140 pieces)


Blow-up Diagram

size : 4 x 3 feet
Printing on Vinyl with glossy lamination, mounted on 5 mm Sun board with 3 mm back strip with corner clips and hook with water resistance Casing for storage. 

14 sets
(84 Pieces)


Training brochures (Operator & Maintenance)

A4, 90 GSM sun shine paper to be used for documentation. Documents binding to be done in 3 piece folder only.
(Approximately 100 Pages) should be in sync with Slides
Slides and raw Data required will be provided by OEM

14 sets


Training Work Module

Walk-around 3D model of the system (internal and external) with brief description of major sub-systems.

1 Job


Video Film (Operator & Maintenance)

Training films on computer media, including 3-D virtual reality modules in English. Login & password required.
Storage media : DVD

1 Hour

Computer-based Training Computer-based Tutor (CBT) or Computer-based Instructions (CBI) are synonymous words used for multimedia tutors.

CBT word was used till 2010. After that, it's called eLearning or content development, etc. This CBT word is basically used for the defense domain in India.

CBT is a computer-based training developed using various multimedia tools to create graphics, image editing, animation 2d/3d, and videos, etc.

As per the deliverable, every vehicle, system subsystem, or any physical component which is being delivered to Defence needs Training Aids.

A computer-based Tutor is one of the training aid delivered along with the actual physical component.

This tutor covers system overview, introduction, subsystems or various parts/components used, assembly, disassembly, operation, troubleshooting, maintenance, replacing of LRUs if any, etc.

The topics may be increased or decreased based on the system.

Its completely decided by OEM, about the depth to be covered and the length to be covered. Generally, each CBT for a small system has 4 hours of duration and bigger systems will have 100 hours or more. (As per our 20 years experience)

Few OEMs do not want to cover a few topics as a security measure or for intellectual value.

What are the details required to make CBT

Before starting CBT, OEM must finalize the duration of CBT. In some military RFP/SCOPE duration of CBT is mentioned along with the duration of each topic, subtopic, and sub–sub-topic.

If that is not mentioned then OEM has to make a Table of content first and mention the approximate time to cover each topic, subtopic, and sub–sub-topic.

It is called CCID, or course content Identified document. It is basically a full detailed Table of content and duration.

Once the CCID document is ready then, the Vendor will collect raw content and make a DCID document.

Which means a Detailed Course content document. It can also be called a storyboard. This storyboard will have complete content for every topic, subtopic, and sub–sub-topic.

Also, this document will contain the presentation methodology. It means is this particular sub-topic is being covered as Video, or Image, Text or animation if animation, 2d or 3d, etc.

Based on the number of words we can arrive at a number of hours.

If the number of hours is more than deliverable, we can concisely edit or delete unwanted text.

Once the DCDD is approved by end-user/ Army then we can start production of CBT.

Content Development Approach

Step -1 Shell/ Prototype/Template Design

The first step in the creation of the CBT is to design the functional prototype, branding, skinning i.e., the template of the course. This will be developed based on inputs like target audience, their skill/education level, nature of topics, other navigation facilities like

  • play and Pause
  • Forward, Rewind
  • Audio mute, Audio control
  • Seek bar
  • Book mark
  • Glossary
  • Audio Transcription script
  • Gallery
  • Summary
  • Reference
  • Help

and prototype/ functional shell will be sent to the client for review and approval.

Step -2 Development of Design Documents

Based on the inputs provided by Subject Matter Experts (SME), a team of Instructional Designers will prepare a Table of Content / Course content identification Document and Storyboard/ Script/ Detailed Content Design Document consisting of the text that will appear on the screen. The corresponding text for voice-over, graphic design instruction will also be provided. Instructional Designers will interact closely with the SME and obtain the inputs, grasp the concepts, reproduce them as content, and finally get it reviewed by the SME/ Client.

The storyboard will be checked for technical, typographical, and grammatical errors. Checks will also be done to ensure that the content matches the requirements specified by the client. Errors found will be rectified and the final content will be sent to the client for approval and sign-off.

Our instructional designers develop design documents as per the guidelines of principles of adult learning, Instructional Design Taxonomies such as Bloom's Cognitive Taxonomy, Dick and Carey Model, Kemp's Instructional Design Model, Gagné's 9 Events of Instruction, Kirkpatrick's 4 Levels of Training Evaluation

Step -3 Approval of Design Documents

The client will review the Design Document, and pass back the reviewed document with Comments, suggestions if any

Step -4 Content/ Media/ Assets/ Development and Authoring

After the necessary Corrective Actions are implemented, the multimedia team will put together the approved template and the contents to create the complete version of the e-Learning course. Based on the storyboard, graphics and animations will be included at the appropriate locations to enhance the learner’s understanding of the points being discussed. Voice-over will be recorded as necessary, and the graphics and animations created will be synchronized with the text.

This developed version will pass through a series of stringent quality checks sent to the client for review and approval. This version is called Alpha Version

Sep -5 Beta Version

The client will review the Alpha version and pass back the reviewed content with comments, suggestions, etc. for corrections if any. Once these corrections are fixed by the Development team then once again the corrected Final version will be submitted to the client along with relevant approval documents

Step -6 Gold version

Gold version DVD contains the following multimedia elements
  • Approved/ Final Table of Content
  • Approved/ Final Design Document (Script, Story Board, Detailed Design Document)
  • •Alpha Version
  • Beta Version
  • CD Version
  • Raw contents (images, PDF, DOC, PPT, other files collected from client)
  • User Manuals, Test Documents, Graphic Charter
  • Quality Assurance Document

and prototype/ functional shell will be sent to the client for review and approval.

Code and Pixels Content Development Life Cycle (CDLC)

Putting the Code and Pixels Content Development Life Cycle (CDLC) in a simple way:

Our Project life cycle comprises 3 Phases i.e. Pre-project Analysis, Project Production, Post Project support.

Phase – 1 Pre Project Analysis

  • Requirement Analysis
  • Proposals & Quotation
  • Approval

Phase – 2 Project Production

1) Pre Production:

  • Detailed client requirement analysis, Collection of raw material, Project Planning
  • Table of Content/Course Specific Document/Course content Identification Document
  • Script/Story Board/ Visual Story Board/Detailed Content Design Document
  • Quality Check

2) Production:

  • Videography, Photography, Voice Recording
  • Development of Graphic Assets, Animations, Programming, Integration, Internal QC

3) Post Production:

  • Quality Check and Delivery of Alpha/Beta/Gold Versions
  • Media Generation / Content Deployment / Delivery
  • Training to users/ facilitators

Phase 3 – Post Project Support

In addition to providing superior E-content, we provide Post Project Support to the client. We conduct feedback analysis sessions from different actual users and collect user feedback on the project/ content so that we can augment the content next time. The best way to improve the usability of the content is to address the critics of the content.


Level 1. Passive-no interaction

This level is what is commonly referred to as ‘page-turners'. The course is linear and could be considered basic training, in which the student acts only as an information receiver.

Basically, the sequence of screens is fixed and the student can not choose the order in which you want to see the content, return to a previous topic or browse freely. However, it can be effective for communicating simple concepts

At this level learners do not interact with resources, they just have:

  • Graphics, images
  • Rollovers
  • Basic quiz questions
    • Some refer to level 1 e-learning as the “click next” style of e-learning. It has very low amounts of interactivity (i.e., clicking the Next button is as interactive as it typically gets) and there is a lot of static text and images.
    • Level 1 quizzes are usually basic multiple-choice and true-or-false questions. Level 1 e-learning, while basic, does have its place: it can be a quick and inexpensive way to cover simple rules or procedures.
    • These types of courses or CBTs are used for classroom teaching
    • No Or very minimal Voice over is used
    • Power point-based course development

Level 2. Limited interaction

In this case, the course continues to be basic, but the student has more control over their training; they can do more than just watch, read and navigate. This level is used for non-complex operations and maintenance lessons.

  • At level 2, e-learning courses start to have multimedia. Courses at this level typically contain some audio and video, as well as some basic animations and transitions. This level of content is also often accompanied by narration and activities such as “click and reveal” interactions.
  • Typical level 2 quizzes are drag-and-drops and matching activities.
  • Level 2 e-learning is often used because it’s a nice middle ground that offers a richer experience for the learner
  • At this level, learners interact with resources such as:
  • Clickable animated graphics
  • Navigation expands to menus, glossaries, and links to external resources.
  • Often includes simple exercises (i.e. drag-and-drop, matching, and identification components). Audio and video.
  • This level is best for courses that are intended to support on-the-job-performance or when importance is more on the skill development
  • (Software simulations using Demo, Practice, Perform/Hands-on) , video documentaries real-life scenarios, etc.

This level is a favorite in the industry mainly because it optimized the balance between active learning and development time.

Level 3. - 3d, Character animations or high-level Technical Animations

This level gives the highest degree of interaction by the student.

The course includes simulations and the contents are transmitted through the use of educational games to keep the student motivated.

  • Basically involves all of the elements of levels 1, 2, and recharged interactivity; and greater levels of sophistication.
  • For technical courses i.e. Equipment’s/device explanation, walkthrough, 3d views, hands-on practice, software simulations where a High level of interactivity is required to engage users or disseminate knowledge
  • 3D MODELING, 3d Animations, and Video recording, editing shooting comes in level -3

Documentaries / Video-Based Learning

  • The documentary is a medium used by Government Departments, NGOs, Private Organizations, Broadcasters, and even Individuals to convey their message effectively to a large group audience.
  • The direction and composition of a documentary make all the difference to the successful communication of its content/concept. Quality production and skilled direction can enhance the impact of any documentary, be it short or feature-length.
  • C&P is a professional company providing end–to–end solutions for your documentary project from the initial stages of the idea to the final product with just a minimum involvement on your part.
  • We have expert content writers, art directors, camera crew, directors, and other technicians who can produce documentaries creatively and innovatively by using high-end types of equipment and beta cameras.

Download Pdf